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1

Alex Balducci

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Alex Balducci (born March 1, 1992) is an American football center for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Oregon.

2

2016 European Women's Handball Championship

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The 2016 European Women's Handball Championship was held in Sweden from 4 to 18 December 2016. It was the second time that Sweden hosts the tournament, after it also hosted the 2006 European Women's Handball Championship. Sweden was awarded the championship on the EHF Congress in Monaco on 23 June 2012. Norway won their seventh title after a 30–29 victory over the Netherlands. France captured the bronze medal, after a 25–22 victory over Denmark.

3

Aleppo offensive (November–December 2016)

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The Aleppo offensive (November–December 2016), code named Operation Dawn of Victory by government forces, was a successful military offensive launched by the Syrian Armed Forces and allied groups against rebel-held districts in Aleppo. The offensive came after the end of the moratorium on air strikes by Russia, and the Russian Armed Forces again conducted heavy air and cruise missile strikes against rebel positions throughout northwestern Syria. The offensive resulted in government forces taking control of all rebel-controlled parts of eastern and southern Aleppo, and the evacuation of the remaining rebel forces. The offensive was described as a potential turning point in the Syrian Civil War. Almost 1,200 people were killed during the operation, including more than 600 civilians, most of which died in the rebel-held part of the city where the offensive took place, but at least 149 were also killed by rebel shelling of government-held parts of Aleppo and some died in rebel strikes on the enclave held by the Syrian Democratic Forces.

4

Battle of Aleppo (2012–16)

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The Battle of Aleppo (Arabic: معركة حلب‎‎) was a major military confrontation in Aleppo, the largest city in Syria, between the Syrian opposition (including the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and other Sunni groups, such as the Levant Front and the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front), against the government of Bashar al-Assad, supported by Hezbollah, Shia militias and Russia, and against the Kurdish People's Protection Units. The battle began on 19 July 2012 and was part of the ongoing Syrian Civil War. A stalemate that had been in place for four years finally ended in July 2016, when Syrian government troops closed the rebels' last supply line into Aleppo with the support of Russian airstrikes. In response, rebel forces launched unsuccessful counteroffensives in September and October that failed to break the siege; in November, government forces embarked on a decisive campaign that resulted in the recapture of all of Aleppo by December 2016. The Syrian government victory was widely seen as a potential turning point in Syria's civil war. The large scale devastation of the battle and its importance led combatants to name it the "mother of battles" or "Syria's Stalingrad". The battle was marked by widespread violence against civilians, repeated targeting of hospitals and schools, and indiscriminate aerial strikes and shelling against civilian areas. For a few years it was also marked by the inability of the international community to resolve the conflict peacefully. The UN special envoy to Syria proposed to end the battle by giving East Aleppo autonomy, but the idea was rejected by the Syrian government. Hundreds of thousands of residents were displaced by the fighting and efforts to provide aid to civilians or facilitate evacuation were routinely disrupted by continued combat and mistrust between the opposing sides. Various claims of war crimes emerged during the battle, including the use of barrel bombs by the Syrian Air Force, the dropping of cluster munitions on populated areas by Russian and Syrian forces and claims that they conducted "double tap" airstrikes to target rescue workers responding to previous strikes, the use of highly inaccurate improvised artillery by rebel forces. During the 2016 Syrian government offensive, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights warned that "crimes of historic proportions" were being committed in Aleppo. Fighting also caused severe destruction to the Old City of Aleppo, a UNESCO World Heritage site. An estimated 33,500 buildings have been either damaged or destroyed. After four years of fighting, the battle represents one of the longest sieges in modern warfare and one of the bloodiest battles of the Syrian Civil War, leaving an estimated 31,000 people dead, almost a tenth of estimated overall war casualties.

5

2016 Toulouse and Montpellier attacks

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6

Rocky Hill High School

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Rocky Hill High School is a four year high school in Rocky Hill, Connecticut.

7

Eastern woodrat

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The eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana), also known as the Florida woodrat or bush rat is a pack rat native to the central and Eastern United States. It constructs large dens that may serve as nests for many generations and stores food in outlying caches for the winter. While widespread and not uncommon, it has declined or disappeared in several areas.

8

2016 United States election interference by Russia

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9

UFC 208

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UFC 208: Holm vs. de Randamie was a mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship held on February 11, 2017, at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, New York.

10

Alan Thicke

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Alan Willis Thicke (born Alan Willis Jeffrey; March 1, 1947 – December 13, 2016) was a Canadian actor, songwriter, game and talk show host. He was best known for his role as Jason Seaver, the father on the ABC television series Growing Pains, which ran for seven seasons. He is the father of actor Brennan Thicke, and of singer Robin Thicke. In 2013, Thicke was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. Thicke died on December 13, 2016 in the Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, California, U.S..

11

Asiatic softshell turtle

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The Asiatic softshell turtle or black-rayed softshell turtle (Amyda cartilaginea) is a species of softshell turtle in the Trionychidae family. It is not the only softshell turtle in Asia (most trionychines are Asian).

12

Deaths in 2016

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To a section: This is a redirect from a topic that does not have its own page to a section of a page on the subject.

13

Ballon d'Or

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The Ballon d'Or (French pronunciation: ​[balɔ̃ dɔʁ]; "Golden Ball"), is an annual association football award presented by France Football. It has been awarded since 1956, although between 2010 and 2015, an agreement was made with the FIFA and the award was temporarily merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year, and known as the FIFA Ballon d'Or. Conceived by sports writer Gabriel Hanot, the Ballon d'Or award honours the male player deemed to have performed the best over the previous year, based on voting by football journalists. Originally, only European players were in contention for the Ballon d'Or: in 1995 the award was expanded to include all players at European clubs and in 2007 to all players from around the world.

14

74th Golden Globe Awards

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The 74th Golden Globe Awards honored the best in film and American television of 2016 and was broadcast live on January 8, 2017 from The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST by NBC. The ceremony was produced by Dick Clark Productions in association with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Talk-show host Jimmy Fallon was announced as the host of the ceremony on August 2, 2016. Meryl Streep was announced as the Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award honoree on November 3, 2016. The nominations were announced on December 12, 2016, by Don Cheadle, Laura Dern, and Anna Kendrick. La La Land won all seven awards for which it had been nominated, becoming the most successful film in Golden Globe Awards history and seventh overall to win each award for which it was nominated, including Best Director, Best Screenplay for Damien Chazelle and Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. The only other film to win more than one award was Elle, which won both the awards for which it had been nominated. Atlanta, The Crown, The Night Manager, and The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story were among the television shows that received multiple awards.

15

Kungsbacka

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Kungsbacka is a locality and the seat of Kungsbacka Municipality in Halland County, Sweden, with 19,057 inhabitants in 2010. It is one of the most affluent parts of Sweden, in part due to its simultaneous proximity to the countryside and the large city of Gothenburg.

16

Timothy Buzza

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Tim Buzza is an American engineer, former Vice President of SpaceX, and current Vice President of Virgin Galactic. He is most notable for his influence in the early years of the commercial space industry.

17

Russian influence on the 2016 United States presidential election

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From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.

18

List of The X Factor finalists (UK series 13)

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The thirteenth UK series of The X Factor began on ITV on 27 August 2016. The live shows started on 8 October.

19

Russian involvement in the 2016 United States presidential election

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From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.

20

December 2016 Istanbul bombing

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From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.

21

December 2016 Istanbul bombings

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On the evening of 10 December 2016, two explosions caused by a car bombing and suicide bombing in Istanbul's Beşiktaş municipality killed 48 people and injured 166 others. 36 of the victims were police officers, 8 were civilians and one remains unidentified. 19 of the injured remain in critical condition. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) assumed responsibility, claiming that their members killed more than 100 police officers.

22

Rex Tillerson

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Rex Wayne Tillerson (born March 23, 1952) is an American energy executive, civil engineer, and diplomat who is the 69th and current United States Secretary of State, serving since February 1, 2017. Tillerson joined ExxonMobil in 1975 and rose to serve as the chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of the company from 2006 to 2016. Tillerson began his career as an engineer and holds a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. By 1989 he had become general manager of the Exxon USA central production division. In 1995, he became president of Exxon Yemen Inc. and Esso Exploration and Production Khorat Inc. In 2006, Tillerson was elected chairman and chief executive officer of Exxon, the world's 6th largest company by revenue. Tillerson retired from Exxon effective January 1, 2017, and was succeeded by Darren Woods. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Tillerson is a longtime volunteer with the Boy Scouts of America, and from 2010 to 2012 was their national president, its highest non-executive position. He is a longtime contributor to Republican campaigns, although he did not donate to Donald Trump's presidential campaign. In 2014, Tillerson, who had made business deals on behalf of Exxon with Russian President Vladimir Putin, opposed the sanctions against Russia. He has previously been the director of the joint US-Russian oil company Exxon Neftegas.

23

A. A. Gill

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Adrian Anthony "A. A." Gill (28 June 1954 – 10 December 2016) was a British writer and critic. Best known for food and travel writing, he was The Sunday Times' restaurant reviewer as well as a television critic. He also wrote for Vanity Fair, GQ and Esquire, and published numerous books. Gill wrote his first piece for Tatler in 1991, and joined The Sunday Times in 1993. Known for his sharp wit and often controversial style, Gill was one of the most widely read and highest paid British columnists, and won numerous awards for his writing. On his death he was described by one editor as "a giant among journalists." His articles were the subject of numerous complaints to the Press Complaints Commission.

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Pizzagate (conspiracy theory)

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New Zealand cricket team in Australia in 2016–17

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The New Zealand cricket team toured Australia in December 2016 to play three One Day Internationals (ODIs) matches. The matches were played for the Chappell–Hadlee Trophy. The series ended with a 3–0 victory to Australia. It was just the second time New Zealand had suffered a whitewash to Australia, the first being in New Zealand in 2005.

26

Winmostar

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Winmostar is a molecular modelling and visualisation software program that computes quantum chemistry, molecular dynamics, and solid physics.

27

John Glenn

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John Herschel Glenn, Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio. In 1962 he was the first American to orbit the Earth, circling it three times. Before joining NASA, Glenn was a distinguished fighter pilot in World War II and Korea with six Distinguished Flying Crosses and eighteen clusters on his Air Medal. He was one of the Mercury Seven, military test pilots selected in 1959 by NASA as the United States' first astronauts. On February 20, 1962, Glenn flew the Friendship 7 mission; the first American to orbit the Earth, he was the fifth person in space. He received the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 1990, and was the last surviving member of the Mercury Seven. After Glenn resigned from NASA in 1964 and retired from the Marine Corps the following year, he planned to run for a U.S. Senate seat from Ohio. An injury in early 1964 forced his withdrawal, and he lost a close primary election in 1970. A member of the Democratic Party, Glenn first won election to the Senate in 1974 and served for 24 years until January 3, 1999. In 1998, still a sitting senator, Glenn was the oldest person to fly in space as a crew member of the Discovery space shuttle and the only person to fly in both the Mercury and Space Shuttle programs. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012.

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Age disparity in sexual relationships

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Age disparity in sexual relationships refers to differences in ages of individuals in all sexual relationships. Concepts of these relationships and of the exact definition of a "significant" age disparity have developed over time and vary among societies. Differences in age preferences for mates can stem from evolutionary mating strategies and age preferences in sexual partners may vary cross culturally. There are also alternative social theories for age differences in relationships as well as suggested reasons for 'alternative' age-hypogamous relationships. Age-disparity relationships have been documented for most of recorded history and have been regarded with a wide range of attitudes dependant on sociocultural norms and legal systems.

29

The Amazing Race Asia 5

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The Amazing Race Asia is a reality television game show based on the American series, The Amazing Race. The fifth installment of the show returned after a 6-year hiatus. The season premiered on 13 October 2016 and promised to be the most adrenaline-fueled season ever. Eleven teams chosen from across the region competed in a high-octane dash around the world for a chance at the winning crown and USD$100,000 in cash. Allan Wu is back to host his fifth season of The Amazing Race Asia and 11th season of The Amazing Race franchise overall. Wu is paired up with Tara Basro, an Indonesian film actress in hosting this season while in Indonesia. Beauty queens Parul Shah and Maggie Wilson from the Philippines were the winners for this season, marking the Philippines's second consecutive win in The Amazing Race Asia.

30

2016 AFF Championship

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The 2016 AFF Championship, sponsored by Suzuki and officially known as the AFF Suzuki Cup 2016, was the eleventh edition of the AFF Championship, the football championship of nations affiliated to the ASEAN Football Federation (AFF). The whole tournament ran from 19 November to 17 December 2016. After the recognition by FIFA as a "category A" tournament, the 2016 edition of the tournament would grant international ranking points for each match. The group stages of the championships were held for the first time at Myanmar and the Philippines from 19–26 November 2016.

31

Greg Lake

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Gregory Stuart "Greg" Lake (10 November 1947 – 7 December 2016) was an English bassist, guitarist, singer, songwriter, and producer who gained prominence as a founder member of the progressive rock bands King Crimson and Emerson, Lake & Palmer (ELP). Born and raised in Dorset, Lake began to play the guitar at the age of 12 and wrote his first song, "Lucky Man", at the same age. He became a full time musician at 17, playing in several rock bands until fellow Dorset guitarist Robert Fripp invited him to join King Crimson as their singer and bassist. They found commercial success with their influential debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King (1969). Lake left the band in 1970 and achieved significant success in the 1970s and beyond as the singer, guitarist, bassist, and producer of ELP. As a member of ELP, Lake wrote and recorded several popular songs including "Lucky Man" and "From the Beginning". Both songs entered the UK and US singles charts. Lake launched a solo career, beginning with his 1975 single "I Believe in Father Christmas" which reached number two in the UK. He went on to release solo albums and singles thereafter, collaborating with several artists in the process. Lake performed with various groups in the 1980s, and occasional ELP reunions in the 1990s, and toured regularly as a solo artist into the 21st century. He died on 7 December 2016 in London, after suffering from cancer, at the age of 69.

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Charlie Strong

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Charles Rene Strong (born August 2, 1960) is an American football coach and former player. Strong is currently the head coach at the University of South Florida. Strong held numerous assistant coaching positions before becoming a head coach at the University of Louisville in 2010. During his four-year stint at Louisville, he led the Cardinals to a 37–15 record and reached a bowl game each season, including the 2013 Sugar Bowl. After the 2013 season he left Louisville to become the head coach at the University of Texas. He was fired by Texas after the 2016 season with a 16–21 record in three seasons. One month after leaving Texas, Strong was hired at South Florida.

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2016 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

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The 2016 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The North Indian Ocean cyclone season has no official bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with the two peaks in May and November. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean — the Arabian Sea to the west of the Indian subcontinent, abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD); and the Bay of Bengal to the east, abbreviated BOB by the IMD. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center releases unofficial advisories. On average, three to four cyclonic storms form in this basin every season.

34

Time Person of the Year

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Person of the Year (called Man of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse... has done the most to influence the events of the year".

35

First Colonial High School

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First Colonial High School is a high school in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It is a part of the Virginia Beach City Public Schools.

36

Willie Taggart

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Willie Taggart (born August 27, 1976) is the head college football coach at the University of Oregon and a former college football player. Taggart previously served as head coach at Western Kentucky University (WKU) from 2009 to 2012 and the University of South Florida from 2013 to 2016. He is the first African American head football coach at each of the three institutions.

37

Junaid Jamshed

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Junaid Jamshed Khan (September 3, 1964 – December 7, 2016) جنید جمشید was a Pakistani recording artist, television personality, fashion designer, occasional actor, singer-songwriter, preacher and televangelist. After graduating with a degree in engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology (Lahore), Jamshed briefly worked as a civilian contractor and engineer for the Pakistan Air Force before focusing on a musical career. Jamshed first gained nationwide prominence and international recognition as group 'Vital Signs' vocalist in 1987 with the album, Vital Signs 1. It included the singles "Dil Dil Pakistan", and "Tum Mil Gaye". The commercial success of Vital Signs' first album helped develop Pakistan's rock music industry. In 1994, he released his debut solo album, Junaid of Vital Signs followed by Us Rah Par in 1999 and Dil Ki Baat in 2002. In 2004, Jamshed left both his engineering and music careers and, afterwards, focused on his religious activities for Islam and reciting nasheeds on TV and releasing them on CD's. Jamshed also owned a clothing boutique with the name "J." (read as "Jay Dot"), which has several outlets throughout Pakistan and some abroad. In November 2014, Jamshed was accused of blasphemy and in December 2014, in a video message, he apologized for offending people and making mistakes. Junaid Jamshed and his second wife died on 7 December 2016 when PIA Flight 661 crashed in Havelian. The flight was enroute to Islamabad from Chitral. He was in Chitral for a Tablighi Jamaat mission and was returning to Islamabad.

38

PIA Flight 661

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From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.

39

2016 Aceh earthquake

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The 2016 Aceh earthquake (Indonesian: Gempa Aceh 2016) struck the Indonesian island of Sumatra with a Mw of 6.5 in Aceh province on 7 December 2016, at 05:03 WIB (22:03 UTC 6 December 2016). The shock was reported to be at a depth of 13 km, categorized as a strong, shallow earthquake. The epicentre was located near the village of Reuleut in Pidie Jaya Regency, 164 km (102 mi) southeast of the province's capital, Banda Aceh. 104 people died in the quake, with at least 1,000 people injured. It was the deadliest earthquake in Aceh since the 2005 Nias–Simeulue earthquake and the deadliest in Sumatra since the 2010 Mentawai earthquake and tsunami.

40

Chris Sale

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Christopher Allen "Chris" Sale (born March 30, 1989), nicknamed The Condor, is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). Sale was selected 13th overall in the 2010 Major League Baseball draft by the Chicago White Sox and made his MLB debut with them in 2010. He is a five-time MLB All-Star, and he led the American League in strikeouts in 2015. Prior to playing professionally, he played college baseball for Florida Gulf Coast University.

41

Rashaan Salaam

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Rashaan Iman Salaam (October 8, 1974 – December 5, 2016) was an American college and professional football player who was a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for four seasons during the 1990s. Salaam played college football for the University of Colorado and won the 1994 Heisman Trophy. He was picked by the Chicago Bears in the first round of the 1995 NFL Draft, and played professionally for the Bears and Cleveland Browns of the NFL. Salaam died on December 5, 2016, of an apparent suicide.

42

Gender Advertisements by Erving Goffman

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Matt Rhule

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Matthew Kenneth Rhule (born January 31, 1975) is an American football coach and former player. He is currently the head football coach at Baylor University. He was previously the coach of Temple University where he led them to back-to-back 10-win seasons for the first time in school history.

44

100 Women (BBC)

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100 Women is a BBC multi-format series established in 2013. The series examines the role of women in the 21st century and has included events in London and Mexico. After the list is unveiled, it is the start of what is being described as BBC's women season, lasting for three weeks, which includes broadcast, online reports, debates and journalism on the topic of women. Women from throughout the world are encouraged to participate via Twitter and comment on the list, as well as the interviews and debates which follow release of the list.

45

59th Annual Grammy Awards

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The 59th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held on February 12, 2017. The CBS network broadcast the show live from the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The ceremony recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, which runs from October 1, 2015 to September 30, 2016. James Corden hosted the ceremony for the first time. The "pre-telecast" ceremony (officially named The Premiere Ceremony) was held on the same day prior to the main event and was hosted by comedienne Margaret Cho. The nominations were announced on December 6, 2016. Beyoncé acquired the most nominations with nine. Drake, Rihanna, and Kanye West received eight nominations each while Chance the Rapper followed with seven nominations. Adele was the biggest winner of the night with five trophies, including Album of the Year for 25, Record of the Year, and Song of the Year for "Hello". Adele also became the first artist in history to win all three general field awards in the same ceremony twice, previously winning all three categories in 2012. David Bowie and Greg Kurstin followed with four trophies. Chance the Rapper won for Best New Artist alongside two other awards.

46

Peter Vaughan

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Peter Vaughan (born Peter Ewart Ohm; 4 April 1923 – 6 December 2016) was an English character actor, known for many supporting roles in British film and television productions. He also worked extensively on the stage. He was best known for his role as Grouty in the sitcom Porridge (despite appearing in only three episodes and the 1979 film) and also had a recurring role alongside Robert Lindsay in Citizen Smith, written by John Sullivan. He also had parts as Tom Franklin in Chancer (1990–91), playing the father of Anthony Hopkins's character in The Remains of the Day, and as Maester Aemon in HBO's Game of Thrones (2011–15).

47

O. Panneerselvam

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Ottakarathevar Panneerselvam (born 14 January 1951) is an Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 2001-02, 2014–15, and from December 6, 2016 to February 16, 2017. He was a member of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) and was a staunch loyalist of its leader J. Jayalalithaa. His first two terms as chief minister came to be when he replaced J. Jayalalithaa in the role, after she was forced to resign by the courts. His third term began following Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa's death and ended two months later, when V. K. Sasikala loyalist Edappadi K. Palanisamy was appointed as the Chief Minister by Tamil Nadu Governor C. Vidyasagar Rao.

48

The Bluest Eye

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The Bluest Eye was written by Toni Morrison in 1970. A single mother of two sons, Morrison wrote the novel while she was teaching at Howard University . She centers the story around a young African American girl named Pecola who grows up during the years following the Great Depression in Lorain, Ohio. Due to her dark skin color, Pecola gets taunted for her appearance as the members of her community associate beauty with "whiteness". She ultimately develops an inferiority complex, which fuels her desire for blue eyes. The point of view switches between the perspective of Claudia MacTeer, the daughter of Pecola's foster parents, and multiple third-person limited viewpoints. Due to the controversial issues the book raises such as racism, incest, and child molestation, there have been numerous attempts to ban it from schools and libraries.

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St Mungo's High School

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St Mungo's High School is in the area of Falkirk and is situated in Merchiston Avenue approximately three miles from the town centre. Stephen Phee is the current Head Teacher and The school chaplain is Father Jamie, who works mainly within St. Francis Xavier's Church, Hope Street, Falkirk.

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Jayalalithaa

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Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) was an Indian actor turned politician who served five terms as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016. From 1989 she was the general secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a Dravidian party whose cadre revered her as their Amma (mother), Puratchi Thalaivi (revolutionary leader) and Thanga Tharagai (golden maiden). Her critics in the media and the opposition accused her of fostering a personality cult, and of demanding absolute loyalty from AIADMK legislators and ministers who often publicly prostrated themselves before her. Jayalalithaa first came into prominence as a leading film in the mid-1960s. Though she had entered the profession reluctantly, upon the urging of her mother to support the family, Jayalalithaa worked prolifically. She appeared in 140 films between 1961 and 1980, primarily in the Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages. Jayalalithaa received praise for her versatility as an actor and for her dancing skills, earning the sobriquet "queen of Tamil cinema". Among her frequent co-stars was M. G. Ramachandran, or MGR, a Tamil cultural icon who leveraged his immense popularity with the masses into a successful political career. In 1982, when MGR was chief minister, Jayalalithaa joined the AIADMK, the party he founded. Her political rise was rapid; within a few years she became AIADMK propaganda secretary and was elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's Parliament. After MGR's death in 1987, Jayalalithaa proclaimed herself his political heir and, having fought off the faction headed by Janaki Ramachandran, MGR's widow, emerged as the sole leader of the AIADMK. Following the 1989 election, she became Leader of the Opposition to the DMK-led government headed by Karunanidhi, her bête noire. In 1991 Jayalalithaa became chief minister, Tamil Nadu's youngest, for the first time. She earned a reputation for a punishing work ethic and for centralising state power among a coterie of bureaucrats; her council of ministers, whom she often shuffled around, were largely ceremonial in nature. The successful cradle-baby scheme, which enabled mothers to anonymously offer their newborns for adoption, emerged during this time. Despite an official salary of only a rupee a month, Jayalalithaa indulged in public displays of wealth, culminating in a lavish wedding for her foster son in 1995. In the 1996 election, the AIADMK was nearly wiped out at the hustings; Jayalalithaa herself lost her seat. The new Karunanidhi government filed several corruption cases against her, and she had to spend time in jail. Her fortunes revived in the 1998 general election, as the AIADMK became a key component of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's 1998–99 government; her withdrawal of support toppled it and triggered another general election just a year later. The AIADMK returned to power in 2001, although Jayalalithaa was personally disbarred from contesting due to the corruption cases. Within a few months of her taking oath as chief minister, in September 2001, she was disqualified from holding office, and forced to cede the chair to loyalist O. Panneerselvam. Upon her acquittal six months later, Jayalalithaa returned as chief minister to complete her term. During this term she was noted for her ruthlessness to political opponents, many of whom were arrested in midnight raids. Another period (2006–11) in the opposition followed, before Jayalalithaa was sworn in as chief minister for the fourth time after the AIADMK swept the 2011 assembly election. Her government received attention for its extensive social-welfare agenda, which included several subsidised "Amma"-branded goods such as canteens (Amma Unavagam), bottled water and salt. Three years into her tenure, she was convicted in a disproportionate-assets case, rendering her disqualified to hold office. She returned as chief minister after being acquitted in May 2015. In the 2016 assembly election, she became the first Tamil Nadu chief minister since MGR in 1984 to be voted back into office. On 22 September 2016, she was admitted in Apollo hospital, Greames Road Chennai for Fever and Dehydration and given treatment for next 75 days by team of medical experts from AIIMS, New Delhi and London's Guys and St. Thomas hospital Doctor Richard Beale. It was announced that she died on December 5 after having cardiac arrest. However, months after her death former chief minister O. Panneerselvam said that he was not allowed to meet Jayalalithaa when she was ailing in the hospital and was denied permission to take her abroad for treatment, claiming that she did not pass away due to natural causes. The proceedings against her in disproportionate assets case were abated following her death by the Supreme Court on 14 February 2017 and hence though she cannot defend herself, the court ordered that INR 100 crore fine has to be collected from Jayalalithaa's properties. However Sasikala and other co-accused were sentenced to four years of imprisonment and fined 10 crore rupees each.

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Alexa Bliss

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Alexis "Lexi" Kaufman (born August 9, 1991) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE under the ring name Alexa Bliss, where she performs on the SmackDown brand and is the current SmackDown Women's Champion in her second reign. In May 2013, she signed a contract with WWE and was assigned to WWE Performance Center and developmental brand NXT in Orlando, Florida. In May 2015, she aligned herself with NXT Tag Team Champions Buddy Murphy and Wesley Blake, thus becoming their valet. Bliss made her main roster debut on the SmackDown brand in July 2016 and proceeded to win the SmackDown Women's Championship in December 2016. She lost the title at Elimination Chamber in February 2017, but won it back nine days later to become the first woman to win it twice.

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WWE SmackDown Tag Team Championship

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The WWE SmackDown Tag Team Championship is a professional wrestling world tag team championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE on the SmackDown brand. It is one of two tag team championships for WWE's main roster, along with the Raw Tag Team Championship on the Raw brand. The current champions are The Usos (Jey Uso and Jimmy Uso), who are in their first reign, both as a team and individually. Unveiled on the August 23, 2016 episode of SmackDown Live, it was created to be the counterpart title to the then-WWE Tag Team Championship, which became exclusive to Raw as a result of the 2016 WWE draft. That title was subsequently renamed after the crowning of the inaugural SmackDown Tag Team Champions, Heath Slater and Rhyno.

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Bray Wyatt

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Windham Lawrence Rotunda (born May 23, 1987) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name Bray Wyatt and is the current WWE Champion in his first reign. Rotunda is a third generation professional wrestler, following in the footsteps of his grandfather (the late Blackjack Mulligan), his father (Mike Rotunda), and two of his uncles (Barry Windham and Kendall Windham). His younger brother Taylor Rotunda also performs in WWE under the ring name Bo Dallas. Alongside his brother, he held the FCW Florida Tag Team Championship twice while in WWE's developmental territory Florida Championship Wrestling (FCW), where he wrestled under different ring names between 2009 and 2012. He also briefly wrestled on WWE's main roster from 2010 to 2011, most notably as a member of The Nexus. After returning to WWE's developmental territories in mid-2011, Rotunda was rebranded as Bray Wyatt, the villainous cult leader of the eponymous faction The Wyatt Family, with the group eventually making its main roster debut in 2013. Wyatt won his first championship on the main roster in December 2016 by winning the SmackDown Tag Team Championship with Wyatt Family member Randy Orton, and they defended the championship with fellow member Luke Harper under the Freebird Rule. Wyatt then went on to win the WWE Championship at the Elimination Chamber event in February 2017.

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The Wyatt Family

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The Wyatt Family was a villianous professional wrestling stable in WWE, performing on the SmackDown brand. The group, originally composed of Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan, debuted in WWE's developmental branch NXT, in November 2012, where Harper and Rowan went on to win the NXT Tag Team Championship. The Wyatt Family would go on to debut on the main roster in July 2013, as a villainous faction terrorizing other WWE Superstars, including Kane, CM Punk, Daniel Bryan, The Shield and John Cena, among others. The original incarnation of the group initially began to go their separate ways in September 2014, after Bray Wyatt announced he was "setting Luke Harper and Erick Rowan free". As a result, Rowan would turn into a heroic character by joining John Cena's team at Survivor Series, while Harper would side with Team Authority. Following a brief feud, Harper and Rowan would later reunite in May 2015. In August 2015, Braun Strowman joined Wyatt and Harper, however was later withdrawn from the stable as a result of the 2016 WWE draft. In late 2016, with the addition of Randy Orton, the Wyatt Family won the WWE SmackDown Tag Team Championship.

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TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs (2016)

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TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs (2016) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event and WWE Network event produced by WWE for the SmackDown brand. It took place on December 4, 2016, at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, Texas. This was the eighth event under the TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs chronology. Seven matches were contested at the event, including one match on the pre-show. In the main event, AJ Styles defeated Dean Ambrose in a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match to retain the WWE World Championship. SmackDown's other three championships were also defended: The Wyatt Family (Bray Wyatt and Randy Orton) defeated Heath Slater and Rhyno for the SmackDown Tag Team Championship, Alexa Bliss defeated Becky Lynch for the SmackDown Women's Championship in a Tables match, and The Miz retained the Intercontinental Championship against Dolph Ziggler in a ladder match.

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Alexander Van der Bellen

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Alexander Van der Bellen (German pronunciation: [ˌalɛˈksandɐ fan dɛɐ̯ ˈbɛlən]; born 18 January 1944) is an Austrian politician and economist who is the 12th President of Austria since 26 January 2017. A member of the noble Russian Van der Bellen family, he was born in Austria to aristocratic Russian and Estonian parents who were refugees from Stalinism, and became a naturalised Austrian citizen together with his parents in 1958. He was a professor of economics at the University of Vienna before he entered national politics. He served as a member of the Austrian National Council representing the Austrian Green Party from 1994 to 2012 and was both leader of the parliamentary faction and leader of his party from 1997 to 2008. He ran as a nominally independent candidate supported by the Green Party in the 2016 presidential election, and finished second out of six in the first round before winning the second round against Norbert Hofer, a member of the Freedom Party of Austria. On 1 July, before he was due to be sworn into office, the results of the second round of voting were annulled by the Constitutional Court of Austria due to absentee votes being improperly counted too early, requiring the election to be re-held. On 4 December 2016, he won the ensuing election, taking approximately 54% of the vote. Van der Bellen has described himself as a centrist liberal and supports green and social liberal policies. As discussed in his 2015 book, he is supportive of the European Union and advocates European federalism. During the presidential election, he appealed to the political centre and was endorsed by the leaders of both the conservative Austrian People's Party and the Social Democratic Party. Van der Bellen is the second green president of a European Union country (after Raimonds Vējonis of Latvia) and the first to be directly elected by popular vote.

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I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!

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I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here! is a British made reality TV series in which up to 12 celebrities live together in a jungle environment for three weeks. They have no luxuries, and compete to be crowned king or queen of the jungle. The first episode aired in August 2002 and a 16th UK series was aired in November 2016, with another one due to air at the same time the following year. The show was originally created in the United Kingdom by the Manchester-based Granada Television and developed by its London subsidiary LWT for ITV. It is now produced by ITV Studios and has been licensed globally to countries including the United States, Germany, France, Hungary, Sweden, the Netherlands, Denmark, Romania, Australia and India. As of 2016, the UK, German and Australian versions are still in production.

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I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here! (UK TV series)

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I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here (often shortened to I'm a Celebrity or I'm a Celeb) is a British survival reality television game show, first aired on 25 August 2002, in which celebrities live in jungle conditions with few creature comforts. The show has been hosted by Ant & Dec since its inception and is part of a franchise of the same name. It is filmed in Murwillumbah, New South Wales, Australia and broadcast on ITV in the United Kingdom. In the Republic of Ireland, TV3 began simulcasts at the beginning of series 3 in 2004. The series moved to their sister channel 3e for series 12, 13 and 14. The series moved to UTV Ireland in 2015 for series 15. The show was sponsored in the UK by supermarket chain Iceland and in Ireland by M and M Direct since 2013, previously MultiTrip.com in Ireland and V and First Choice in the UK. The show has been contracted to air until at least 2019, taking it to at least 19 series. From 2015 the series was sponsored by Aunt Bessie's in the UK and Kia in the Republic of Ireland.

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The X Factor (UK series 13)

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The X Factor is a British television music competition to find new singing talent. The thirteenth series began airing on ITV on 27 August 2016 and ended on 11 December 2016. Dermot O'Leary returned to present the main show on ITV for the ninth time, after having quit the previous year. Simon Cowell was the only judge from the 12th series to return; Nicole Scherzinger, Sharon Osbourne and Louis Walsh all returned, replacing Cheryl Fernandez-Versini, Rita Ora and Nick Grimshaw. Matt Edmondson and Rylan Clark-Neal replaced Rochelle Humes and Melvin Odoom as hosts of The Xtra Factor, which was rebranded as The Xtra Factor Live and was broadcast live twice every week, with Roman Kemp making appearances as a digital presenter and social media reporter. Matt Terry was announced the winner on 11 December 2016, making Scherzinger the winning mentor for the second time. Saara Aalto came second.

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Gianluca Lapadula

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Gianluca Lapadula (born 7 February 1990) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Milan.

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2016 Oakland warehouse fire

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On December 2, 2016, at approximately 11:20 p.m. PST, a fire broke out in a warehouse, known as Ghost Ship, that had been converted into an artist collective, including dwelling units, in the Fruitvale neighborhood of Oakland, California. At the time of the fire, the warehouse was hosting a concert featuring artists from the house music record label 100% Silk. Neither residential nor entertainment uses were allowed under the warehouse's permits at the time of the fire. A total of 36 people were killed in the fire, the deadliest in the history of Oakland. It was also the deadliest building fire in the United States since The Station nightclub fire in 2003, the deadliest in California since the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and the deadliest mass-casualty event in Oakland since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The Alameda County District Attorney's office launched an investigation into the causes of the fire. In March 2017, emails from 2014 were reported to have described serious electrical problems in the building.

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Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite

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Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite is an upcoming fighting game in development by Capcom, planned for release in 2017 for PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows. It is the sixth main entry in the Marvel vs. Capcom series of crossover games; the player controls characters from both Marvel Comics and Capcom in two-on-two battles.

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Marvel vs. Capcom

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Marvel vs. Capcom (Japanese: マーヴル VS. カプコン, Hepburn: Māburu bāsasu Kapukon) is a series of crossover fighting games developed and published by Capcom, featuring characters from their own video game franchises and comic book series published by Marvel Comics. The series originated as coin-operated arcade games, though later releases would be specifically developed for home consoles, handhelds, and personal computers. Its gameplay borrowed heavily from Capcom's previous Marvel-licensed fighting games X-Men: Children of the Atom and Marvel Super Heroes; however, instead of focusing on single combat, the games incorporated tag team battles. Players form teams of two or three characters and, controlling one fighter at a time, attempt to damage and knock out their opponents. Players can switch out their characters during the match, allowing team members to replenish their health and prolong their ability to fight. The series' gameplay is also distinguished from other fighting game franchises due to its character assist mechanics and emphasis on aerial combat. The Marvel vs. Capcom series has received generally positive reviews from critics, who have praised its fast-paced gameplay, animated visuals, and wealth of playable characters. On the other hand, the games have been criticized for their lack of content, especially more recent installments. The series has enjoyed broad appeal, especially in markets outside of Japan, selling approximately 7 million units as of December 2016.

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2016 Washington Huskies football team

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The 2016 Washington Huskies football team represented the University of Washington in the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The team was led by Chris Petersen in his third season as head coach of the Huskies. Washington competed as a member of the North Division of the Pac-12 Conference and played their home games on campus at Husky Stadium in Seattle.

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Women's pornography

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Women-oriented pornography is sometimes referred to as sex-positive pornography. Women's porn is often produced by women and aimed specifically at the female market – rejecting the view that men are turned on by porn, but women only by a box of chocolates. In the 1980s, Susie Bright pointed out that "[women's pornography] is a contradiction in terms for many people, so convinced are they that pornography represents the darker, gutter side of lust." Since that date, women have become accepted as a growing market when it comes to pornography.

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Quantum dot

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Quantum dots (QD) are very small semiconductor particles, only several nanometres in size, so small that their optical and electronic properties differ from those of larger particles. They are a central theme in nanotechnology. Many types of quantum dot will emit light of specific frequencies if electricity or light is applied to them, and these frequencies can be precisely tuned by changing the dots' size, shape and material, giving rise to many applications. In the language of materials science, nanoscale semiconductor materials tightly confine either electrons or electron holes. Quantum dots are also sometimes referred to as artificial atoms, a term that emphasizes that a quantum dot is a single object with bound, discrete electronic states, as is the case with naturally occurring atoms or molecules. Quantum dots exhibit properties that are intermediate between those of bulk semiconductors and those of discrete molecules. Their optoelectronic properties change as a function of both size and shape. Larger QDs (radius of 5–6 nm, for example) emit longer wavelengths resulting in emission colors such as orange or red. Smaller QDs (radius of 2–3 nm, for example) emit shorter wavelengths resulting in colors like blue and green, although the specific colors and sizes vary depending on the exact composition of the QD. Because of their highly tunable properties, QDs are of wide interest. Potential applications include transistors, solar cells, LEDs, diode lasers and second-harmonic generation, quantum computing, and medical imaging. Additionally, their small size allows for QDs to be suspended in solution which leads to possible uses in inkjet printing and spin-coating. These processing techniques result in less-expensive and less time consuming methods of semiconductor fabrication.

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Colloidal gold

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Colloidal gold is a sol or colloidal suspension of nanoparticles of gold in a fluid, usually water. The liquid is usually either an intense red colour (for particles less than 100 nm) or blue/purple (for larger particles). Due to the unique optical, electronic, and molecular-recognition properties of gold nanoparticles, they are the subject of substantial research, with applications in a wide variety of areas, including electron microscopy, electronics, nanotechnology, and materials science. The properties of colloidal gold nanoparticles, and thus their applications, depend strongly upon their size and shape. For example, rodlike particles have both transverse and longitudinal absorption peak, and anisotropy of the shape affects their self-assembly.

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Silver nanoparticle

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Silver nanoparticles are nanoparticles of silver of between 1 nm and 100 nm in size. While frequently described as being 'silver' some are composed of a large percentage of silver oxide due to their large ratio of surface-to-bulk silver atoms. Numerous shapes of nanoparticles can be constructed depending on the application at hand. Commonly used are spherical silver nanoparticles but diamond, octagonal and thin sheets are also popular. Their extremely large surface area permits the coordination of a vast number of ligands. The properties of silver nanoparticles applicable to human treatments are under investigation in laboratory and animal studies, assessing potential efficacy, toxicity, and costs.

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Platinum nanoparticles

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Platinum nanoparticles are usually in the form of a suspension or colloid of nanoparticles of platinum in a fluid, usually water. A colloid is technically defined as a stable dispersion of particles in a fluid medium (liquid or gas). Spherical platinum nanoparticles can be made with sizes between about 2 and 100 nanometres (nm), depending on reaction conditions. Platinum nanoparticles are suspended in the colloidal solution of brownish-red or black color. Nanoparticles come in wide variety of shapes including spheres, rods, cubes, and tetrahedra. Platinum nanoparticles are the subject of substantial research, with potential applications in a wide variety of areas. These include catalysis, medicine, and the synthesis of novel materials with unique properties.

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Adama Barrow

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Adama Barrow (born 16 February 1965) is a Gambian politician and real estate developer who is the third and current President of the Gambia. Since the country's independence from the United Kingdom in 1965, he is the first democratically elected President of the Gambia, following a month-long constitutional crisis. Born in Mankamang Kunda, a village near Basse Santa Su. He attended Crab Island Secondary School and the Muslim High School, the latter on a scholarship. He then worked for Alhagie Musa & Sons, a Gambian energy company, where he became a sales manager. Moving to London in the early 2000s, Barrow studied for qualifications in real estate and concurrently worked as a security guard. After returning to the Gambia in 2006, he founded Majum Real Estate, and was its CEO until 2016. He became the treasurer of the United Democratic Party, an opposition party, and then became its leader in September 2016 after the previous leader was jailed. Barrow was then chosen as the UDP candidate in the 2016 presidential election. It was later announced that he would stand as an independent with the backing of the opposition group Coalition 2016 (a coalition supported by the UDP and six other parties). Barrow won the 2016 presidential election with 43.34% of the vote, defeating long-time incumbent Yahya Jammeh. Jammeh initially accepted the result, but later reneged on this, and Barrow was forced to flee to neighbouring Senegal. He was inaugurated at the Gambian embassy in Senegal on 19 January 2017, and Jammeh was forced to leave the Gambia and go into exile on 21 January. Barrow returned to the Gambia on 26 January.

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Nico Rosberg

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Nico Erik Rosberg (born 27 June 1985) is a German former Formula One racing driver and current Formula One World Champion who drove for Williams F1 and Mercedes AMG Petronas under the German flag. Born in Germany to Finnish former world champion Keke Rosberg and his German wife Sina, he holds dual nationality, and briefly competed for Finland early in his racing career. Although reported to be fluent in five languages, he does not speak Finnish. Rosberg won the 2005 GP2 Series for the ART team, having raced in Formula 3 Euro Series previously for his father's racing organisation Team Rosberg. He entered Formula One in 2006 with Williams, the team with which his father had won the 1982 championship. After four years with Williams, in 2010 he joined the re-branded Mercedes team, formed by Mercedes's takeover of 2009 Constructors' Champion Brawn GP. He enjoyed his most successful period with Mercedes, winning 23 Grands Prix and earning 30 pole positions. In a period of Mercedes dominance, he had a fierce rivalry with his teammate Lewis Hamilton, finishing second in the World Championship in 2014 and 2015, behind Hamilton. In 2016, he finally became Formula One World Champion after an intense duel with Hamilton, which was undecided until the final race, the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. He announced his retirement from the sport five days later, on 2 December 2016. Before the 2017 Formula One season, Rosberg announced that he would continue his partnership with Mercedes, as an ambassador.

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2017 Formula One season

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The 2017 Formula One season is the 71st season of Formula One motor racing. It features the 68th Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Teams and drivers are competing in twenty Grands Prix—starting in Australia on 26 March and ending in Abu Dhabi on 26 November—for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championships. As the reigning Drivers' Champion Nico Rosberg announced his retirement from the sport in December 2016, the 2017 season is the first since 1994 in which the reigning champion did not compete. Mercedes started the season as the defending Constructors' Champion, having secured their third consecutive title at the 2016 Japanese Grand Prix. After one race, Sebastian Vettel leads the World Drivers' Championship by seven points, ahead of Lewis Hamilton with Valtteri Bottas a further three points behind in third. In the World Constructors' Championship, Ferrari hold a four-point lead over Mercedes. Red Bull Racing are third, a further twenty-three points behind.

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The Game Awards 2016

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The Game Awards 2016 took place at the Microsoft Theater in Los Angeles on December 1, 2016, and streamed across several video sharing sites, including for the first time to audiences in China. The ceremony honored the best video game achievements of 2016, with Overwatch named Game of the Year, Blizzard Entertainment as Best Studio, and game director Hideo Kojima honored with the Industry Icon Award.

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The Game Awards

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The Game Awards is an annual awards ceremony honoring achievements in the video game industry. The ceremonies also feature the premieres of new titles and an in-depth look at previously announced games. The shows are solely produced and hosted by Geoff Keighley, who had worked on its predecessor, the Spike Video Game Awards, for over ten years.

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Richmond Park by-election, 2016

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The Richmond Park by-election was a UK parliamentary by-election in the constituency of Richmond Park which was held on 1 December 2016. It was triggered by the resignation of the Conservative Member of Parliament Zac Goldsmith on 25 October 2016 over the Government's proposal for a third runway at the nearby Heathrow Airport. It was won by Sarah Olney of the Liberal Democrats, after a campaign focused on opposition to Brexit.

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Big Brother: Over the Top

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Big Brother: Over the Top is the first season of the American reality television series Big Brother that aired online exclusively. The season premiered on September 28, 2016 and ended after 65 days with a season finale on December 1, 2016 only on CBS All Access, an over-the-top subscription streaming service. This was the first season to air in the fall and was separate from the established series televised on CBS during the traditional summertime period. This season was officially confirmed by CBS on August 3, 2016, while Big Brother 18 was still in progress. As with the televised series, the group of contestants—referred to as HouseGuests—are enclosed in the Big Brother House under constant surveillance of cameras and microphones. Each week a HouseGuest will be evicted until the final three HouseGuests remain on finale night. For the first time since Big Brother 1, the viewers will vote for one HouseGuest to win the program. Julie Chen will continue to host the season premiere and finale, and conduct weekly eviction interviews. In the season finale, the voting public awarded Morgan Willett with the $250,000 grand prize over Jason Roy and Kryssie Ridolfi.

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LaMia Flight 2933

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LaMia Flight 2933 (LMI2933) was a charter flight of an Avro RJ85, operated by LaMia, that crashed in Colombia at 21:58 local time on 28 November 2016, killing 71 of the 77 people on board. The aircraft was transporting the Brazilian Chapecoense football squad, including 22 players, 23 coaching and other club staff, 2 guests and 21 journalists, from Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, to José María Córdova International Airport in Colombia. The team was en route to play the first leg of the 2016 Copa Sudamericana Finals in Medellín, against Colombian team Atlético Nacional. One of the four crewmembers; three of the players; and two other passengers survived. According to the preliminary report, several decisions of the flight crew were incompatible with aviation regulations and rendered the flight unsafe. Insufficient flight planning (disregarding necessary fuel stops) and not declaring an emergency when the fuel neared exhaustion caused the crash.

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Andrew Sachs

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Andrew Sachs (born Andreas Siegfried Sachs, 7 April 1930 – 23 November 2016) was a British actor. Born in Berlin, Germany, he and his family emigrated to London in 1938 to escape persecution under the Nazis. He made his name on British television and rose to fame in the 1970s for his portrayals of the comical Spanish waiter Manuel in Fawlty Towers, a role for which he was BAFTA-nominated. He went on to have a long career in acting and voice-over work for TV, film and radio. In his later years, he continued to have success with roles in films such as Quartet, and as Ramsay Clegg in Coronation Street.

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Joe McKnight

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Joe McKnight (April 16, 1988 – December 1, 2016) was an American football running back and return specialist who played in the National Football League (NFL) and Canadian Football League (CFL). He attended the University of Southern California (USC), where he played college football for the USC Trojans. McKnight was selected in the fourth round of the 2010 NFL Draft by the New York Jets. After playing in the NFL for the Jets and Kansas City Chiefs, he played in the CFL for the Edmonton Eskimos and the Saskatchewan Roughriders. On December 1, 2016, McKnight was killed in an apparent road rage incident.

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James Mattis

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James Norman "Jim" Mattis (born September 8, 1950) is the 26th and current United States Secretary of Defense, serving in the Trump Administration. Mattis is a retired United States Marine Corps general who previously served as the 11th Commander of United States Central Command and was responsible for American military operations in the Middle East, Northeast Africa, and Central Asia, from August 11, 2010, to March 22, 2013. On January 20, 2017, Mattis was confirmed as Secretary of Defense 98–1 by the United States Senate on a waiver, as he had only been three years out of active duty despite US federal law requiring a seven-year cooling off period for retired military personnel to be appointed Secretary of Defense. He was the first member of President Donald Trump's cabinet to be confirmed. Before President Barack Obama appointed him to replace General David Petraeus on August 11, 2010, Mattis previously commanded United States Joint Forces Command from November 9, 2007, to August 2010 and served concurrently as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Transformation from November 9, 2007, to September 8, 2009. Prior to that, he commanded I Marine Expeditionary Force, United States Marine Forces Central Command, and 1st Marine Division during the Iraq War.

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The Apprentice (UK series twelve)

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Series Twelve of The Apprentice (UK), a British reality television series, began broadcasting in the UK during 2016 from 6 October to 18 December on BBC One; due to the UK EU membership referendum, Euro 2016, and the 2016 Rio Olympics taking place during the Summer, the BBC postponed the series' broadcast until mid-Autumn. Eighteen candidates took part, naming their teams Titans and Nebula, with Alana Spencer winning the series. Unlike previous series, the programme was aired on Thursdays but within its regular timeslot, with two specials airing alongside it towards its final weeks, both being new editions - "The Final Five" on 13 December, and "Why I Fired Them" on 16 December.

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4 Your Eyez Only

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4 Your Eyez Only (commonly shortened to Eyez) is the fourth studio album by American hip hop recording artist J. Cole. It was released on December 9, 2016, by Dreamville Records, Roc Nation and Interscope Records. The album was Cole's first release with Interscope—his previous albums were released by Columbia. The album also serves as Dreamville's president Ibrahim Hamad first executive producer credit for a Cole album. Most of the recording on the album took place at the Sheltuh in Raleigh, North Carolina and Electric Lady Studios in New York City. Production was primarily handled by Cole himself, alongside several other record producers such as Vinylz, Boi-1da, Cardiak, Ron Gilmore, Frank Dukes, Chargaux and Elite among others. The album was released exactly two years after Cole's previous studio album, 2014 Forest Hills Drive. The album received generally positive reviews from critics, some of whom called it Cole's best album to date. 4 Your Eyez Only debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, selling 363,000 copies in its first week (492,000 with additional album-equivalent units) earning Cole his fourth consecutive number-one album in the country. It had the third-largest weekly sales for an album in 2016. On January 12, 2017, 4 Your Eyez Only was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album also debuted at number one on Billboard's Canadian Albums Chart.

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Ruth Dogget Terzaghi

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Ruth Doggett Terzaghi (October 14, 1903 – March 3, 1992) was both a Geologist and a professor of Geology. She worked with her husband Karl Terzaghi on many engineering projects, as well as completed many papers and research projects of her own.

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The Grammy Museum Mississippi

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The GRAMMY Museum Mississippi is an interactive museum located in Cleveland, Mississippi, United States, focused on the continuing musical achievements of Mississippians. The museum opened on March 5, 2016.

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Vajiralongkorn

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Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun (Thai: มหาวชิราลงกรณ บดินทรเทพยวรางกูร; rtgs: Mahawachiralongkon Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun; IPA: [máhǎːwáʨʰíraːloŋkɔːn bɔːdintʰrátʰêːppʰájáwáraːŋkuːn]; born 28 July 1952) is the King of Thailand, since 2016. As the tenth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty, he is also styled as Rama X. At the age of 64, Vajiralongkorn is the oldest Thai monarch to ascend to the throne. He is the only son of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. In 1972, at the age of 20, he was made crown prince by his father. After his father's death on 13 October 2016, he was expected to succeed to the throne of Thailand but asked for time to mourn before taking the throne. He accepted the throne on the night of 1 December 2016 but will not be crowned formally until after the cremation of his father. The government retroactively declared his reign to have begun on 13 October 2016, upon his father's death.

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2016 Indian Super League season

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The 2016 Indian Super League season is the third season of the Indian Super League, the football league, since its establishment in 2013. The season featured eight teams again, each playing 14 matches during the regular season before the finals. The regular season began on 1 October and ended on 4 December. The finals began on 10 December and concluded with the final on 18 December. The defending champions coming into the season were Chennaiyin. At the end of the season, Atlético de Kolkata came out as champions after defeating the Kerala Blasters in a penalty shootout, 4–3, during the final. The match had ended 1–1 after ninety minutes and extra time.

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2016 Mnet Asian Music Awards

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The 2016 Mnet Asian Music Awards ceremony, organized by CJ E&M through its music channel Mnet, took place at the AsiaWorld-Expo in Hong Kong. The ceremony was the seventh consecutive Mnet Asian Music Awards to be hosted outside of South Korea, and the 18th ceremony in the show's history.

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International reactions to the LaMia Airlines Flight 2933 accident

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Mandela, Rajasthan

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Mandrella is a small village in the Jhunjhunu district of the state Rajasthan in India. The population size is about 20000.

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Toronto FC

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Toronto Football Club, commonly referred to as Toronto FC or simply TFC, is a Canadian professional soccer club based in Toronto, Ontario. The club competes in Major League Soccer (MLS) as a member of the Eastern Conference. The club plays its home matches at BMO Field, located at Exhibition Place on Toronto's shoreline. Toronto FC began play in 2007 as an expansion team, and was the first Canadian based franchise in the league. The team is coached by Greg Vanney and operated by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment, which also operates the National Hockey League's Toronto Maple Leafs, the American Hockey League's Toronto Marlies, the National Basketball Association's Toronto Raptors (and the NBA Development League's Raptors 905 by extension) and the United Soccer League's Toronto FC II. Toronto FC are five-time winners of the Canadian Championship, were 2011–12 CONCACAF Champions League semi-finalists, and were 2016 MLS Cup Playoffs Eastern Conference champions.

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MLS Cup 2016

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MLS Cup 2016 was the 21st edition of MLS Cup, the championship game of Major League Soccer (MLS), taking place on December 10, 2016, at BMO Field in Toronto, Ontario. The Seattle Sounders FC won the cup over Toronto FC after a penalty shoot-out that followed a 0–0 draw. The final was the first time that a Canadian team contested the MLS Cup as well as the first time the game was contested between two MLS expansion teams; it was also the second cup to be held at BMO Field, the first being MLS Cup 2010. It was the first final since 2008 to feature two teams making their first appearance in the MLS Cup.

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Whitewashing (beauty)

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Whitewashing in beauty is a phenomenon in the intersection of fashion industry, digital photography, mass media, marketing and advertising. It describes a situation in which the skin tone of non-white women (less often of men) – when depicted in magazine covers, advertisements, commercials, music videos, etc. – is, digitally retouched or physically modified to appear whiter. Whitewashing can also present itself in the alteration of hair texture to resemble Eurocentric beauty ideals of straight hair.

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Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X

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Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X is the 33rd season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. It featured two initial tribes of ten new castaways divided by generation: Gen X, born between 1963 and 1982, and Millennials, born between 1984 and 1997 (no one born in 1983 was cast this season). It is the third season to divide the castaways into tribes by age, following Survivor: Panama and Survivor: Nicaragua, and the second season to film in Fiji, following Survivor: Fiji, which was filmed in a different location. The season premiered on September 21, 2016 with a 90-minute episode and ended on December 14, 2016 when Adam Klein was unanimously awarded the title of Sole Survivor over Ken McNickle and Hannah Shapiro by a jury vote of 10–0–0. This season featured the first full cast evacuation, where all contestants were removed on the second day of competition due to Cyclone Zena; the castaways were returned to their camps the next morning and no additional time was needed to complete the game.

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LaMia

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LaMia, short for Línea Aérea Mérida Internacional de Aviación, was a Bolivian charter airline headquartered in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. It had its origins in the failed Venezuelan airline of the same name. Founded in 2015, LaMia operated two Avro RJ85 aircraft as of November 2016. The airline received international attention when one of its aircraft crashed in November 2016, killing many members of Brazilian football club Chapecoense. In the aftermath, LaMia's air operator's certificate was suspended by the Bolivian civil aviation authority.

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Rich Swann

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Richard "Rich" Swann (born February 15, 1991) is an American professional wrestler signed to WWE and assigned to the Raw brand as part of the cruiserweight division. He is a former one-time WWE Cruiserweight Champion. Swann is also known for his work on the American independent circuit for promotions such as Evolve, Full Impact Pro (FIP) and Pro Wrestling Guerrilla (PWG). He has also worked for promotions like Chikara, Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW), Dragon Gate, Dragon Gate USA and Jersey All Pro Wrestling (JAPW). He is a former two-time FIP World Heavyweight Champion and one-time Open the United Gate, Open the Owarai Gate and Open the Triangle Gate Champion.

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WWE Cruiserweight Championship

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The WWE Cruiserweight Championship is a professional wrestling championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion WWE on the Raw brand. It is defended on Monday Night Raw and the cruiserweight-exclusive 205 Live. The current champion is Neville, who is in his first reign. Unveiled on September 14, 2016, as the award for the inaugural Cruiserweight Classic, which was won by T.J. Perkins, it is contested in WWE's cruiserweight division by wrestlers at a maximum weight of 205 lb (93 kg). The championship was exclusive to Monday Night Raw until the premiere of 205 Live in November 2016. The title is distinct from the previous WWE Cruiserweight Championship that originated in World Championship Wrestling and was retired in 2007. The two titles share the name but not the title history.

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Steven Mnuchin

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Steven Terner "Steve" Mnuchin (/məˈnuːtʃɪn/ mə-NOO-chin; born December 21, 1962) is an American politician and hedge fund manager who is the 77th and current United States Secretary of the Treasury under the Presidency of Donald Trump. After he graduated from Yale University in 1985, Mnuchin worked for investment bank Goldman Sachs for 17 years, eventually becoming its Chief Information Officer. After he left Goldman Sachs in 2002, he worked for and founded several hedge funds. During the financial crisis of 2007–2008, Mnuchin bought failed residential lender IndyMac. He changed the name to OneWest Bank and rebuilt the bank, then sold it to CIT Group in 2015. Mnuchin joined Trump's presidential campaign in 2016, and was named national finance chairman for the campaign. On February 13, 2017, Mnuchin was confirmed to be President Trump's Secretary of the Treasury by a 53–47 vote in the U.S. Senate.

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2017 NASCAR Cup Series

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From a page move: This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name.

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List of countries by salt production

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This is a list of countries by salt production. The four leading salt producers in the world, India, the United States, China, and Germany, account for more than half of the worldwide production. The first table includes data by the British Geological Survey (BGS) for countries with available statistics. The second table includes data by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) for the leading producers.

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Erving Goffman

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Erving Goffman (11 June 1922 – 19 November 1982) was a Canadian-American sociologist and writer, considered by some "the most influential American sociologist of the twentieth century". In 2007 he was listed by The Times Higher Education Guide as the sixth most-cited author in the humanities and social sciences, behind Anthony Giddens, Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault, and ahead of Jürgen Habermas. Goffman was the 73rd president of the American Sociological Association. His best-known contribution to social theory is his study of symbolic interaction. This took the form of dramaturgical analysis, beginning with his 1956 book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Goffman's other major works include Asylums (1961), Stigma (1963), Interaction Ritual (1967), Frame Analysis (1974), and Forms of Talk (1981). His major areas of study included the sociology of everyday life, social interaction, the social construction of self, social organization (framing) of experience, and particular elements of social life such as total institutions and stigmas.